History and Archives

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Video of the Symposium on Slavery, Race and Discrimination

Grace Epiphany Church, October 17, 2015

sponsored by the History Committee

 

 

To see the Symposium’s agenda, transcripts of presentations, and resolutions from General Convention, please click here.

 

The Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania: A Brief History

Quakers may have founded Pennsylvania, but Anglicans were present from the beginning. They established nine congregations, including Christ Church, Philadelphia (1695), Trinity Church, Oxford (1698), St David’s, Radnor (1700), and St. Thomas, Whitemarsh (1702), in the colony’s first twenty years.

After the American Revolution, Anglicans became Episcopalians. Led by the Reverend William White, they organized the Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania in 1784. White became its first bishop three years later, and the Diocese grew rapidly during his episcopacy (1787-1836).

In the beginning the Diocese spanned a vast area, extending from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh. Essentially, it encompassed the whole of Pennsylvania. But the rigors of travel and the growth of the church necessitated reorganization. In 1865 a new Diocese of Pittsburgh took responsibility for every parish west of the Alleghenies. By 1910 there were five Episcopal dioceses in Pennsylvania, and the Diocese of Pennsylvania covered only the southeastern corner of the commonwealth. But the bulk of Pennsylvania’s Episcopalians lived there – in Philadelphia, Bucks, Montgomery, Chester, and Delaware counties.

Throughout its history, the Diocese of Pennsylvania has been subject to what some might call countervailing forces. On such important matters as governance, worship, and doctrine, it has struggled to resolve differences. The Episcopal Church itself emerged from a series of compromises that were made in England and America. Bishop White favored the “middle way” – a balance between individual piety and shared ritual, between parish autonomy and centralized leadership. Some of his successors (e.g. Henry Ustick Onderdonk, 1836-1844) tried to reconcile those committed to “high” and “low” church beliefs and practices. The emergence of “liberal” theology at the end of the nineteenth century heightened tensions. Its emphasis on social responsibility did not appeal to all Episcopalians.

In the twentieth century the diocese came to grips, if not for all time, with its own dispersal and diversity. But long before 1900 it acknowledged the importance of these centrifugal forces by establishing a divinity school (1858) and consecrating many churches. Both clerks from Spring Garden (St. Jude’s, 1848) and their bosses in Chestnut Hill (St. Paul’s, 1856) could worship at an Episcopal church. It took account of the sick and the poor, sponsoring such organizations as Episcopal Hospital (1852) and the City Mission (1870), the forerunner of today’s Episcopal Community Services.

Beginning in the 1920s and accelerating two decades later, many Episcopalians left Philadelphia altogether. New congregations appeared almost overnight in suburbs like Newtown Square (St. Alban’s, 1922), Gladwyne (St. Christopher’s, 1949), Levittown (St. Paul’s, 1953), and Maple Glen (St. Matthews, 1967). Others experienced unprecedented growth in the 1950s (Redeemer, Bryn Mawr, 1851). Bishop Oliver J. Hart (1943-1963) wrestled with the implications of suburbanization. Growth was good, he believed, but its benefits were not unmitigated. It stretched the resources of the diocese. Congregations outside the city did not always empathize with the social and economic problems of their urban brethren.

African Americans have worshipped in the Diocese of Pennsylvania since its inception. As slaves and freemen, they attended services at some of its most venerable congregations. When Bishop White made Absalom Jones their leader in 1794, he acknowledged their importance. But all-black congregations were not common until the city’s African American population expanded in the first half of the twentieth century. By 1980 the parish Jones once led (the African Episcopal Church of Saint Thomas, 1794) had become one of the largest (black or white) in the Diocese. Many black Episcopalians now worshiped by themselves in parishes that had once been all white or integrated (Church of the Advocate, Philadelphia, 1886).

Until Robert L. DeWitt (1964-1973) became its twelfth bishop in 1964, the Diocese of Pennsylvania largely ignored the civil rights movement. During his nine years at the helm DeWitt insisted that the diocese acknowledge and respond to the racism and discrimination in its midst. Troubled by riots in Philadelphia and Chester, he supported an ecumenical effort to desegregate Girard College, a boarding school for orphan boys that bore the name of its nineteenth century benefactor. He even lent his support to the idea that the best way to atone for slavery was through “reparations.”

DeWitt’s successor, Lyman L. Ogilby (1974-1988), inherited a diocese that was certainly more attuned to issues of inequality and social justice than it once had been. This new sensitivity manifested itself in July 1974 when the first women to become Episcopal priests were ordained in Philadelphia. The ceremony took place at the Church of the Advocate whose rector, the Reverend Paul M. Washington, was also an important civil rights leader. Ogilby did not participate, but neither did he stand in the way. By then, lay women had begun to play a significant role in the church, serving on vestries and as delegates to diocesan convention. In 1986 St. Giles, Upper Darby became the first parish in the Diocese to call a woman – the Reverend Michealla Keener – to be its rector.

The place of gays and lesbians in the Diocese remained unresolved until the episcopacy of Allen L. Bartlett, Jr. (1988-1998). After prayerful consideration, he opened the door to the diaconate and the priesthood for openly gay men and women. But such reforms did not come without recrimination. Some priests and parishes withdrew from the Diocese or invited bishops from outside its borders to make pastoral visits. Bartlett tolerated these so-called “flying bishops,” but his successor, Charles L. Bennison, Jr. (1998-2012), did not.

Following Bishop Bennison’s departure, the Diocese turned for leadership to Clifton Daniel, 3rd (2013-2016). The bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of East Carolina, beginning in 1997, he came to Pennsylvania on a provisional basis and kept the Diocese on a steady course while it made plans to search for a permanent successor. Completed in 2016, that search led to the selection of Daniel G. P. Gutierrez, canon to the ordinary in the Episcopal Diocese of the Rio Grande, as the sixteenth bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania.

In the past fifty years there has been a significant decline in church membership and even religious observance in America. This has had an impact on the Episcopal Church and the Diocese of Pennsylvania. But many vibrant congregations – large and small – remain, and the diocese looks to build on its long and eventful history as it moves forward.

William W. Cutler, III
Historiographer, Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania

 

This_Far

 

To learn more read This Far by Faith: Tradition and Change in the Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania edited by David Contosta (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2012). Copies can be purchased from the press. The Diocese has a limited number of complimentary copies available. To obtain one contact J. D. Lafrance.

PARISH HISTORY WEB SITE WORKSHOP

Sponsored by the History Committee & the Office of the Bishop, Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania

Does your parish have a web site? If so, what does it say about your parish’s history? Chances are your parish has a web site, and it says something about your history. But because the information is usually hard to find and is often poorly presented, many parishes don’t take full advantage of the opportunity that a web site represents to generate community interest and even build membership through the telling of parish history. The workshop  addressed this problem and offered some practical advice on how you can make your history work for you on the web.

Together with the audience, a panel of speakers took up the following questions:

  • What about a parish’s history should be online
  • How do you decide
  • Where should it be on the parish web site
  • What should the page and the web site look like
  • How long should a general history be
  • How do you do this on a tight budget
  • Should the history content have multiple layers
  • Should there be links to other resources
  • What role should the diocesan web site play

Speakers:

Henry Carnes, Director of Communications, Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania

William W. Cutler, III, Historiographer, Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania and Professor of History, emeritus, Temple University

Lonnie Hovey, Associate & Senior Preservation Architect, Whitman Requardt & Associates

Michael Krasulski, Web designer and parish historian, Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania. Check out his blog at http://philadelphiastudies.wordpress.com/

 

Archives 

The Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania’s Archives are home to a vast array of material relating to the people and parishes comprising the Diocese as well as the Diocese itself. Within its stacks are material relating to parishes that have closed, the registers, the vestry minutes as well as documents making up the life of these churches which are no longer with us. We also hold a large volume of histories, both at the parish level comprising both active and closed parishes, as well as histories of the diocese and its various organizations.

  The Archives also holds a large volume of material related to those committed to running the Diocese. There are records from the various Bishops, Standing Committee and General Conventions, to better understand the direction we have come from. There are also various print runs of the publications the Diocese has put out as well including a long run of the Church News.

  The Archives is open to the public by appointment only. Small amounts of research can be conducted by the staff for a nominal fee. For more information please contact the archivist, Peter Moak at the following address:

 

Peter Moak

Diocesan Archivist

Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania Archives

Lutheran Theological Seminary

7301 Germantown Avenue

Philadelphia, PA 19119-1794

 

By Email: archives@diopa.org

By Phone: 267-575-8958

 

Diocesan History Committee

Chair: William W. Cutler, III

DIOCESAN HISTORY COMMITTEE:  ORAL HISTORY PROJECT

The diocesan History Committee is doing an oral history project. Since 2013 it has completed twenty-nine interviews with thirty people. The interviewees include seven bishops, twelve priests, one deacon, and ten lay persons. The collection also contains the transcript of a symposium on the ceremony that ordained the first women to be Episcopal priests.

 

Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania: Oral History Project
Series One
Index of Interviews completed through February 14, 2017

Director: William W. Cutler, III, Historiographer, Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania

The Reverend Jesse F. Anderson, Jr., b. 1937

Two Sessions
Session one: 47 pages
Session two: 27 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Childhood in Philadelphia and at the African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas
  • Higher Education: Lincoln University & General Theological Seminary
  • Ministries in Washington, D.C., Hartford, CT, & Philadelphia, PA
  • Deaths of father, brother and son
  • Mother’s life in the church and out
  • Decision to retire (2002)

Special Topics

  • Racism in the Diocese of Pennsylvania, 1950s and 1960s
  • Racism in Washington, D.C., 1960s
  • Fire at AE Church of St. Thomas, 1950s and 1990s
  • Move of AE Church of St. Thomas from 52nd & Parish to Lancaster Ave.
  • Community work in Washington, D.C.
  • Revitalization of AE Church of St. Thomas, 1991-2002
  • Afrocentric programs at AE Church of St. Thomas: music, liturgy, Bible study
  • Stewardship at AE Church of St. Thomas
  • Evangelism at AE Church of St. Thomas
  • Election of the Rt. Reverend Charles Bennison, Jr. as bishop of the Diocese of Pennsylvania
  • Notable persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes: AE Church of St. Thomas, Church of the Advocate, House of Prayer, St. Andrew’s-St. Monica’s, St. Philip’s Harlem, St. Philip’s Grand Rapids, MI, St. Matthews, Wilmington, DE, St. Patrick’s, Washington, D.C., St. Luke’s, Washington, D.C., St. George’s, Washington, D.C., St. Philip the Evangelist, Washington, D.C., Church of the Redeemer (Presbyterian), Washington, D.C.

Persons: The Rev. Jesse Anderson, Sr., Elizabeth Jackson Anderson (Pinni), The Rt. Rev. Gillespie Armstrong, Nolan Atkinson, The Rt. Rev. Allen Bartlett, The Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., The Rev. August Birch, Sr., Horace Mann Bond, The Rev. Thomas Bowers, The Honorable Edward Brooke, The Honorable Joel Broyhill, The Rt. Rev. John Melville Burgess, The Rt. Rev. Michael Creighton, The Rev. George Davidson, The Rev. Robert DuBose, The Rev. David Gracie, The Rt. Rev. Oliver Hart, The Honorable Hubert Humphrey, James Weldon Johnson, The Rev. Absalom Jones, Ms. Jo Ann Jones, The Rev. John Midwood, Lemuel T. Sewell, M.D., The Rev. Martini Shaw, Mr. Chuck Stone, The Rev. John Tinklepaugh, The Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner, The Rt. Rev. John T. Walker, The Rev. Paul Washington, The Rev. Layton Zimmer

Interviewer: William Cutler
Date of first interview: May 1, 2016
Date of second interview: August 5, 2016

The Rt. Reverend Allen L. Bartlett Jr., b. 1929

Two sessions
Session one: 47 pages
Session two: 6 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Childhood experiences in the Episcopal Church
  • Education: Virginia Theological Seminary
  • Career as vicar, rector and cathedral dean in Alabama, West Virginia, & Kentucky
  • Recruitment and election as bishop coadjutor of the Diocese of Pennsylvania (1985-1986)
  • Career as bishop of the Diocese of Pennsylvania, 1986-1998

Post retirement work in Jerusalem, the Diocese of Pennsylvania, and the Diocese of Washington, D.C., 9/11 at the National Cathedral

Special Topics

Ordination of Women

  • Ordination of gay men and lesbian women
  • Notable persons and parishes mentioned:

Parishes: Christ Church, Louisville (cathedral), Washington National Cathedral

Persons: The Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, The Rev. David Gracie, The Rt. Rev. Barbara C. Harris, John Harrison, Esq., The Rt. Rev. Oliver Hart, The Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby, The Rev. John Midwood, The Rt. Rev. J. Brooke Mosley, The Rev. David Moyer, Sister Mary Scolia, The Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner, The Rev. Paul Washington, and The Rt. Rev. Geralyn Wolf

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of first interview: October 3, 2013
Date of second interview: October 23, 2013

The Rt. Reverend Charles E. Bennison Jr., b. 1943

Two sessions
Session one: 76 pages
Session two: 64 pages

Addendum: 6 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Growing up son of a priest/bishop
  • Education: Lawrence University; Seabury-Western Theological Seminary, Harvard Divinity School; Claremont College Graduate School; Union Theological Seminary
  • Career as parish priest in Upland, Calif. And Atlanta, Ga.
  • Time as professor at Episcopal Divinity School

Career and controversies as bishop of the Diocese of Pennsylvania

Special Topics

Impact of being the son of a bishop

  • Full communion with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
  • Difficulties at Atlanta Parish
  • Tension in the Diocese of Pennsylvania, almost from the beginning of his episcopate
  • Conflict with the Standing Committee
  • Conservative/schismatic parishes
  • Women, black, gay clergy
  • Closing of parishes
  • Inhibition by Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori
  • Trials
  • Return and retirement

Notable persons and parishes mentioned:

Parishes: All Saints, Appleton, Wisc.; St. Mark’s Upland, Calif.; St. Luke’s Atlanta; The Church of the Redeemer, Bryn Mawr; St. Mary’s, Hamilton Village, The Philadelphia Cathedral; St. Clement’s, Philadelphia; St. Mark’s, Locust Street; Good Samaritan, Paoli; Holy Trinity, Rittenhouse Square; St. Christopher’s, Gladwyne.

Churches closed during Bp. Bennison’s Episcopate: All Saints’, Crescentville / All Saints’, Darby / St. Aidan’s, Olney / St. Peter’s, Germantown / St. Bartholomew’s, Wissinoming / St. Mary’s, Warwick-Elverson / St. Paul’s, South Broad Street / Church without Walls, Media / Atonement, Morton / St. James-the-Less, East Falls / Christ Church, Eddington / St. Aidan’s, Cheltenham / All Souls Church for the Deaf / St. John the Evangelist, Philadelphia / St. Paul’s, Boothwyn / Transfiguration, West Chester / Resurrection, Mayfair / St. Philip’s, Grays Ferry / St. Peter’s, Marple Township / Good Shepherd, Kensington / St. Augustine Church of the Covenant / St. John the Evangelist, Lansdowne / St. Martin’s, Korean Congregation.

Parishes in conflict during Bp. Bennison’s Episcopate: Advent, Kennett Square / All Saints’, Crescentville / All Saints’, Darby / All Saints’, Rhawnhurst / Annunciation, Lincoln Drive / All Saints’, Torresdale / Calvary, Rockdale / Christ and St. Michael’s, Germantown / Christ Church, Eddington / Christ Church, Media / Christ Church, Pottstown / Emmanuel, Quakertown / Holy Apostles and the Mediator / Holy Nativity, Rockledge / Holy Nativity, Wrightstown / Holy Trinity, Lansdale / Holy Trinity, Rittenhouse Square / Holy Trinity, West Chester / House of Prayer / Incarnation, Morrisville / Messiah, Gwynedd / St. Asaph, Bala Cynwyd / St. Clement’s / St. Dunstan’s, Blue Bell / St. James’, Green Ridge / St. James’, Downingtown / St. James, Prospect Park / St. James, Bristol / St. John the Evangelist, Lansdowne /St. John’s, Lower Merion / St. Jude and the Nativity / St. Luke’s, Germantown / St. Mary’s, Chester / St. Paul’s, Chester / S. Michael’s, Yeadon / St. Paul’s, Chestnut Hill / St. Paul’s, Doylestown / St. Paul’s, Elkins Park / St. Paul’s, West Whiteland / St. Peter’s, Phoenixville / St. Stephen’s, Clifton Heights / Trinity, Solebury.

Parishes desiring separation from the diocese and its bishop: St. Luke’s, Newtown / St. John’s, Huntingdon Valley / St. Paul’s, Chester / Good Shepherd, Rosemont / All Saints’, Wynnewood / St. John’s, Norristown / St. Clement’s, Philadelphia / Redemption, Southampton / Atonement, Morton / St. James-the-Less, East Falls.

Persons: The Rev. Frank Allen; The Rt. Rev. Allen L. Bartlett Jr.; The Rt. Rev. Charles E. Bennison Sr.; (The Rev) John W. Bennison; The Rev. Robert Betts; Barbara Blodgett; The Rt. Rev. Francis Eric Bloy; The Rt. Rev. Frederick H. Borsch; William Bullitt, Esq.; President Jimmy Carter; Roslyn Carter; Archbishop George Cary; The Rt. Rev. Wallace Conkling; The Rt. Rev. Clifton Daniel III; The Rt. Rev. Robert Duncan; John Fry; The Very Rev. Richard Giles; The Rev. Peter Gomes; The Most Rev. Frank T. Griswold; The Rt. Rev. Armando Guerra; The Most Rev. Katharine Jefferts Schori; Michael Karp; The Hon. Wallace Kent; Mary Kohart, Esq.; The Rev. Ledlie Laughlin; Canon Jill Mathis; The Rt. Rev. Rodney Michel; The Rev. John Midwood; Senator Barbara Mikulski; The Rev. David Moyer; Richard Niebuhr; The Rev. David Ousley; The Most Rev. Michael Pears; Justin Cardinal Rigali; Governor George Romney; The Rt. Rev. Robert Rusack; The Rev. Daniel Stevick; The Rt. Rev. Franklin D. Turner; Anna Werner; The Rt. Rev. Dean Wolfe

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of first interview: October 4, 2016
Date of second interview: December 6, 2016

Addendum: Written by Bishop Bennison February 14, 2017

The Rev. Rodger Broadley b. 1951

One session: 49 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Childhood experiences in the Episcopal Church
  • His homosexuality and how it impacted his life in the church
  • Education: Middlebury College; Episcopal Divinity School
  • Assistant at the Church of the Redeemer, Bryn Mawr
  • Assistant, the rector, of the Church of St. Luke and the Epiphany, Philadelphia
  • Deputy to General Conventions
  • Member, then chairman of the Diocesan Commission on Ministry

Special Topics

  • Sexuality and the church
  • Ordination of gay men and lesbian women
  • AIDS ministry
  • Involvement with Integrity
  • Witness of women during the AIDS crisis

Notable persons and parishes mentioned:

Parishes: Church of the Redeemer, Bryn Mawr, St. Luke and the Epiphany

Persons: The Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby, The Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, The Rev. Carter Hayward, The Rev. Timothy Pickering, The Rev. John Bird, The Rev. Thomas L. McClelland, The Rt. Rev. Allen L. Bartlett, Sister Kathleen Schneider, The Rev. Marlene “Mike” Haines, The Most Rev. Frank T. Griswold, The Rt. Rev. V. Gene Robinson, The Most Rev. Katharine Jefferts Schori, The Rt. Rev. Charles E. Bennison, Jr. The Rt. Rev. Clifton Daniel III, The Rev. Ledlie Laughlin, The Rev. John Midwood

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Dates of interview: June 18, 2014

 

William C. Bullitt, Esquire, b. 1946

One session one: 50 pages plus addenda
Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Childhood experiences in the Episcopal Church
  • Education: Harvard College, University of Pennsylvania Law School
  • Career as lawyer at Drinker, Biddle and Reath
  • Service as special counsel and, later, president of Episcopal Community Services
  • Service as the chancellor of the Diocese of Pennsylvania

Special Topics

  • Role of the diocesan chancellor
  • Ordination of Women
  • Ordination of gay men and lesbian women
  • Attempts by some parishes to leave the diocese and the Episcopal Church
  • Diocesan finances and controversy surrounding them
  • Relationship of bishop and Standing Committee
  • Rift between Standing Committee and Bp. Charles Bennison, Jr.
  • Inhibition of Bp. Bennison, Jr.

Notable persons and parishes mentioned:

Parishes: Valley Forge Chapel; Church of the Redeemer, Bryn Mawr; St. Paul’s Chestnut Hill; St. James the Less; St. John’s Huntington Valley; Good Shepherd Rosemont; The Church of Our Savior, later the Cathedral Church of Our Savior and, now, Philadelphia Cathedral

Persons: Duffield Ashmead, Esq., The Rt. Rev. Allen L. Bartlett, The Rt. Rev. Charles E. Bennison Jr., Steve Chawaga Esq., The Rev. Bill Duffy, John Harrison, Esq., Chandler Joyner, The Rev. John Midwood, The Rev. David Moyer, the Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby, James Pabarue, Esq., The Rt. Rev. Donald Parsons, The Rt. Rev. Walter Righter, J. Peter Williams Esq.,

Addenda

  • Memo to Clark Groome RE: Sayers Funds
  • Sayers Funds exhibits
  • Bullitt memo to Bp. Bennison, Jr., RE: Camp Wapiti and Maryland funding
  • Bullitt memo to Diocesan Council RE: Unrestricted Net Assets
  • Bullitt’s response to “The History of the Standing Committee.”

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of interview: January 30, 2015

Jane R. Cosby, b. 1929

One Session: 70 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Birth and childhood in Germantown
  • Schooling: Emlen School, Logan Demonstration School, Roosevelt Junior High and Philadelphia High School for Girls
  • Higher Education: Cheyney State College, Philadelphia Stenotype Institute, Temple University, Antioch College
  • Marriage (1950) and children
  • Work history: as court reported and with the United Engineers, the Diocese of Pennsylvania, West Mt. Airy Neighbors, East Mt. Airy Neighbors, and Calvary Episcopal Church

Special Topics

  • Racial climate in Philadelphia in the 1940s and 1960s
  • As a polio victim in the 1950s
  • Gender discrimination in the Episcopal Church
  • Educational reform in the School District of Philadelphia (1960s)
  • Race relations in Mt. Airy: Panel of Philadelphia Women
  • Merger of St Barnabas Church and St. Luke’s Germantown
  • Participation the affairs of the Diocese of Pennsylvania: Education for Ministry, Anti-racism Commission, Standing Committee
  • Consideration of a call to the priesthood
  • Views about the Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison Jr.’s election as bishop and his leadership as bishop
  • Activities of the Concerned Pennsylvania Episcopalians (2009-2010)
  • Work in the diocese of Mid Atlantic Training and Consulting

Notable persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes: St Barnabas, St. Luke’s Germantown, African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas, Mt Zion Baptist Church, Calvary Church, Church of the Annunciation

People: Rev. Mary Adabonojo, Rt. Rev. Allen Bartlett, Jr., Judith Beck, Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., Rev. Jim Byrum, Beatrice Chernock, John Dangerfield Cooper, Bill Cosby, Rt. Reverend Michael Curry, Sam Evans, Rev. Carl Gerdeau, Rev. Donald Graff, Albert M. Greenfield, Re. Bob Harris, Rev. Bud Holland, Ann Holland, Rev. Mary Laney, Rev. D. Antonio Martin, Rev. Rev. Glenn Matis, Carl Metzger, Rev. John Midwood, Rev. Isaac Miller, Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby, William (Bill) Paddock, Rev. Charles Poindexter, Owen Roland, Mary Roland, Mark Shedd, Lois Stalvey, Rev. E. Sydnor Thomas, Delores Tucker, Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner, Eversley Vaughan, and Rev. Elliott Waters

Interviewer: William Cutler
Date of Interview: July 28, 2015
Rt. Reverend Clifton Daniel 3rd b. 1947

One Session: 40 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Born and grew up in North Carolina
  • Education: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Spanish major
  • Seminary: Virginia Theological Seminary
  • Activist since seminary days
  • Support of racial justice
  • Served parishes in North Carolina, Ohio, Rhode Island
  • Called to be bishop of the Diocese of East Carolina, his home diocese, in 1996
  • Bishop of East Carolina, 1996-2013
  • Called to be provisional bishop of the Dioceses of Pennsylvania, 2013
  • Bishop of Pennsylvania, 2013-2106

Special Topics

  • Racial issues
  • The 1974 “irregular” ordination of the Philadelphia 11 women
  • Reasons for accepting call to the Diocese of Pennsylvania
  • Distant relationship by marriage to Margaret Truman

Notable Parishes and Persons mentioned

  • Parishes: St. Michael’s, Bristol, Rhode Island; St. Luke’s-St. Anne’s, Roper, North Carolina
  • Persons: The Rt. Rev. Allen L. Bartlett Jr.,The Rt. Rev. Charles E. Bennison Jr., The Most Rev. Michael B. Curry, The Most Rev. Frank T. Griswold, The Rt. Rev. Barbara C. Harris, The Rt. Rev. Gayle E. Harris, The Most Rev. Katharine Jefferts Schori, Professor Marion Kellerman, The Rev. Ledlie I. Laughlin III, The Rt. Rev. Edward L. Lee Jr., The Rt. Rev. Tom Lee, The Rt. Rev. Rodney R. Michel, The Rt. Rev. V. Gene Robinson, The Rt. Rev. Franklin D. Turner, Margaret Truman, The Rev. Nancy H. Wittig

 

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of Interview: February 11, 2016
Ms. Shirley Gracie b. 1935

One Session: 43 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • ŸBorn in Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
  • Met future husband, David McI. Gracie in West Germany in 1955
  • Married Gracie in England in 1956
  • Moved to Michigan in the United States in 1956
  • Moved to Massachusetts while husband was in seminary
  • Mother of three children
  • Moved to Pennsylvania in 1966

Special Topics

  • Wife of activist priest
  • Race relations in the Diocese of Pennsylvania
  • Ordination of Women in 1974
  • David Gracie’s career
  • Notable persons mentioned: The Rt. Rev. Hays Rockwell, The Rt. Rev. Richard S. M. Emrich, The Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, the Rev. Susan Hiatt, The Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby, The Rt. Rev. Allen L. Bartlett Jr., The Rev. Thomas McClellan; The Rev. Paul Washington, Philadelphia Police Commissioner and, later, Mayor Frank Rizzo, The Rt. Rev. Barbara C. Harris

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of Interview: August 6, 2014

 

The Rev. Donald Graff, b. 1944

One Session: 47 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Childhood and education in California: calling to ministry
  • Ordination: deacon (1969); priest (1970)
  • Work in the Diocese of Los Angeles: St John’s, San Bernardino (1969-1970)
  • Move to Diocese of Pennsylvania: African American Episcopal Church of St. Thomas (1970-1976): curate and priest-in-charge; Free Church of St. John (1976-2011): vicar. Culture of St. Thomas; Partnerships between St. John’s and suburban congregations (St. Philip’s, Oreland; Incarnation, Morrisville; St Christopher’s, Gladwyne; and Good Samaritan, Paoli)
  • Youth Work
  • Hispanic ministry
  • Decision to retire

Special Topics

  • Prayer Book revision in the Diocese of Los Angeles
  • Race relations in the Diocese of Pennsylvania
  • Community development in Kensington: Philadelphia Organizing Project
  • Aided congregations: Fairmount Team Ministry, Coalition 29, Coalition of Aided Congregations, and Diocesan Coalition on Mission and Ministry, St. Matthews Fund, Galilee Group
  • Congregational mergers and closings
  • Kensington: poverty, dislocation, youth

 

  • Notable persons and parishes mentioned:

 

Parishes: St. John’s, San Bernardino, African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas, Free Church of St. John

 

Persons: The Rev. Jesse Anderson, Peter Binzen, The Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr. The Rev. Carol Chamberlain, The Rev. Robert Dubose, The Rev. Virginia Kirk, The Rt. Rev. Rodney Michel, The Rev. John Midwood, The Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby, The Rev. Jackie Ponce, The Rev. Robin Van Horn Schwoyer, The Rev. Daniel Sullivan, The Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner, The Rev. Hank White

Interviewer: William Cutler
Date of Interview: November 22, 2013

 

The Most Reverend Frank. T. Griswold III, b. 1937

One Session: 50 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Childhood and Education: St. Paul’s School, Harvard College (1955-1959), General Theological Seminary, Oriel College, Oxford University (1960-1962)
  • Early career: ordination to the diaconate (1962); assistant, Church of the Redeemer, Bryn Mawr (1963-1966), rector, St. Andrew’s Yardley (1966-1976), rector, St. Martin’s Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia (1976-1987)
  • Mid-career: recruitment and election to be bishop of the Diocese of Chicago; work as the bishop of Chicago (1987-1997)
  • Election and service as presiding bishop of the Episcopal Church of America (1997-2006)
  • Church policies and politics: leadership philosophy
  • Post retirement work in the United States and abroad

Special Topics

  • Liturgical reforms
  • Gay and lesbian clergy

Notable persons and parishes mentioned:

Parishes: Church of the Redeemer, Bryn Mawr, St. Andrews, Yardley, St. Martin in the Fields, Chestnut Hill

Persons: The Most Rev. Edmond Browning, The Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr. Archbishop George L. Carey, The Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, The Rt. Rev. Barbara C. Harris, The Rt. Rev. Gene Robinson, Archbishop Rowan Williams, The Rt. Rev. Geralyn Wolf

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of Interview: November 4, 2013

 

The Rt. Reverend Barbara C. Harris, b. 1929

One session: 36 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Education
  • Career in business and public relations
  • Career in the Episcopal Church: ordination as deacon (1979) and priest (1980), director of Episcopal Church Publishing Co.
  • Election and consecration as suffragan bishop of the Diocese of Massachusetts (1988-1989)

Special Topics

  • Ordination of women
  • Election of Katherine Jefferts Shori as Presiding Bishop (2006)
  • Race relations and gender in the Episcopal Church
  • Paul Washington

Notable persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes: Church of the Advocate

Persons: The Most Reverend Katharine Jefferts Shori, The Rev. Paul Washington

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of Interview: November 16, 2013

 

John L. Harrison, Jr. Esq., b. 1936

One Session: 38 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Family and Church: Church of the Messiah, Gwynedd
  • Education: Yale, University of Penn Law (1960)
  • Marriage to Alice Wieland
  • Work in Diocese of Pennsylvania: diocesan chancellor (1986-1988?) Diocesan Budget Committee (chair), Diocesan Finance and Property Committee (chairman), board of the Church Foundation
  • Work in the Episcopal Church of the USA: deputy to four General Conventions, member of the Executive Council (1991-1997), member of the Standing Commission on Ecumenical Affairs (1997-2003), trustee of the Episcopal Divinity School

Special Topics

  • Civil rights
  • Approval of the 1982 hymnal
  • Full communion with the Lutheran Church
  • Ordination of women
  • Consecration of women bishops
  • Election of the Rev. Allen Bartlett as the bishop of the Diocese of Pennsylvania

3.) Notable Persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes: Church of the Redeemer, Bryn Mawr, St. Paul’s Chestnut Hill

 

Persons: The Rt. Rev. Allen Bartlett, Jr., The Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr. The Rev. Rodger Broadley, The Most Rev. Edmond Browning, The Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, The Rt. Rev. Robert Duncan, The Rev. Lou Fifer, The Rev. Carl Gerdeau, The Most Rev. Frank T. Griswold, III, The Rt. Rev. Barbara Harris, The Rt. Rev. Alden Hathaway, The Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby, The Rt. Rev. William Remington, The Rev. James Trimble, The Rev. Francis Bland Tucker, The Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of Interview: November 14, 2013

 

Jo Ann Bradley Jones, b. 1951

One Session: 48 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Childhood and church connection in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Higher Education: Swarthmore College, University of Maryland Law School & General Theological Seminary
  • Legal career in Baltimore, Philadelphia, & Washington, D.C.
  • Her mother’s death
  • Call to ministry

Special Topics

  • Racism
  • Deputy to General Convention 2000-2015
  • Member and then chairperson of the national church’s Committee on Urban and Social Affairs
  • Traces of the Trade
  • Member of the African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas
  • Various roles in the Diocese of Pennsylvania
  • Served on
  • Bishop Search Committee that nominated The Rev. Charles E. Bennison Jr., who was elected bishop of Pennsylvania in 1997

Notable persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes: AE Church of St. Thomas; Church of the Advocate; Calvary, Northern Liberties; St. David’s, Radnor; Holy Trinity, Swarthmore; St. James. Baltimore; The National Cathedral, Washington, DC

Persons: The Rev. Jesse F. Anderson Jr., The Rt. Rev. Allen L. Bartlett, The Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., Katrina Browne, Pamela Chinnis, The Most Rev. Michael B. Curry, The Most Rev. Frank T. Griswold, The Rev. John Midwood, The Rev. Kwasi Thornell, The Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner, The Rt. Rev. John T. Walker, The Rev. Paul Washington, The Very Rev. George Werner, The Rev. Daniel Octavio Wilson

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of Interview: June 29, 2016

Frances Perkins Kellogg, b. 1918

One Session: 39 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional (Civic) Life

  • Family background and education: Shipley School and Garrison Forest School
  • Father’s military service in World War I and career in law
  • Being a debutant
  • Military service during World War II: Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps
  • Courtship and marriage (1946)
  • Raising a family in Bryn Mawr
  • Building a house in Society Hill
  • Children’s lives and careers

Special Topics

  • Middle class dating norms in the 1920s
  • Bryan Green Mission (1951)
  • Housing shortage in North Philadelphia in the 1970s
  • Women’s ordination ceremony (7/29/1974)
  • Volunteer work: Women’s Auxiliary, Redeemer Bryn Mawr; Prayer and Worship Committee, Redeemer, Bryn Mawr; Main Line Prayer Group; Pennsylvania Prison Society (board chair), prison ministry; Philadelphia Divinity School (board member); Philadelphia Citizens for Children and Youth; Advisory Board of the School of Social Work at the University of Pennsylvania

Notable persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes: Church of the Redeemer, Bryn Mawr, St. Christopher’s Gladwyne, the Church Without Walls, Church of the Advocate, St. Peter’s, Philadelphia
Persons: Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, Rev. David Gracie, Shirley Gracie (Mrs. David), the Rev. Suzanne Hiatt, Howard Kellogg (husband) Nancy Lee (sister-in-law), Professor Howard Mitchell, Charles Perkins (father), the Rev. Timothy Pickering, Ms. Lucy Sayre, the Rev. Jack Shepherd, the Rev. Ann Robb Smith, the Rev. Thorne Sparkman, the Rev. Paul Washington, Christine Washington (Mrs. Paul)

Interviewer: William Cutler
Date of interview: February 5, 2015

The Reverend Ledlie I. Laughlin III, b. 1959

One session: 31 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Growing up son of an Episcopal priest
  • Education: Oberlin College; Berkeley Divinity School at Yale
  • Career as a priest at parishes in Patterson, N.J.; Washington, D.C.; Jersey City, N.J.; Norwalk, Conn.; Philadelphia, Pa.
  • Presidency of the Diocese of Pennsylvania’s Standing Committee
  • Candidacies for bishop in the dioceses of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island

Special Topics

  • Racism and slavery
  • The Rt. Rev. Charles E. Bennison Jr.’s episcopacy in the Diocese of Pennsylvania

Notable persons and parishes mentioned:

Parishes: St. Luke-in-the-Fields, New York City; Grace Church, Norwalk, Conn.; St. Peter’s, 3rd and Pine, Philadelphia, Pa.; St. Columba’s Church, Washington, D.C.

Persons: The Rt. Rev. Allen L. Bartlett Jr.; David Beers, Esq.; The Rt. Rev. Charles E. Bennison Jr.; Katrina Browne; The Rt. Rec. Clifton Daniel III; The Most Rev. Frank T. Griswold; The Most Rev. Katharine Jefferts Schori; The Rev. Ledlie I. Laughlin Jr.; The Rt. Rev. Edward L. Lee Jr.; The Rev. Glenn Matis; The Rev. Wendell “Tad” Meyer; The Rt. Rev. Rodney Michel; Katharine Tyler Scott; Margaret Sipple; The Rt. Rev. Franklin D. Turner.

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of interview: July 12, 2016
The Rt. Reverend Edward L. Lee Jr., b. 1934

One Session: 47 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Childhood experiences in the Episcopal Church
  • Call to the ministry
  • Education: Brown University; General Theological Seminary
  • Career as deacon and priest
  • Teaching homiletics at Philadelphia Divinity School
  • Campus ministry in the Diocese of Pennsylvania
  • Ministry abroad (Florence, Italy)
  • Career as bishop of the Diocese of Western Michigan 1989-2002
  • Post retirement work in the Diocese of Pennsylvania

Special Topics

  • Campus ministry
  • Civil Rights
  • Viet Nam War protests

Notable persons and parishes mentioned:

Parishes: St. Thomas’ Whitemarsh; St. Stephen’s Church, Providence, Rhode Island; Holy Trinity, Rittenhouse Square, Philadelphia; The Church of the Annunciation, Philadelphia; St. James Church, Florence, Italy; St. John’s, Georgetown, Washington, D.C.

Persons: The Rt. Rev. J. Gillespie Armstrong, The Rt. Rev. Charles E. Bennison Sr., The Rt. Rev. Charles E. Bennison Jr., The Rt. Rev. Clifton Daniel III, The Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, The Rev. Donald Gardner, The Rev. David Gracie, The Rev. Nathaniel B. Groton; The Rt. Rev. Barbara C. Harris, The Rt. Rev. Oliver Hart, The Honorable Clement F. Haynsworth Jr., The Rev. Dr. Harry Longley; The Rt. Rev. Howard Meeks; The Rt. Rev. Rodney R. Michel; Gov. William Scranton; The Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner, The Rev. Paul Washington, The Rev. Samuel J. Wylie

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of interview: March 8, 2016

 

The Reverend Thomas L. McClellan., b. 1942

One Session: 46 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Call to the priesthood
  • Military Service
  • Time at Philadelphia Divinity School
  • Teaching and study abroad
  • Curate at St. David’s, Radnor
  • Assistant chaplain at St. Andrew’s School in Delaware
  • Rector of St. Mary’s, Cathedral Road

Special Topics

  • Proposed cathedral in Roxborough
  • Ordination of Women
  • Episcopal controversies

Notable persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes: St. David’s Radnor, St. Mary’s, Cathedral Rd.

 

Persons: The Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, The Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby; The Rev. Timothy Pickering; The Rev. Alexander Ogilby; Brother Simon Mein; The Rt. Rev. Andrew Yu-Yue Tsu; The Rev. George Rutler; The Rt. Rev. Allen L. Bartlett Jr.; The Rt. Rev. Charles E. Bennison Jr.; The Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner; The Rev. Charles A. Carter III

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of interview: July 8, 2014

 

The Right Reverend Rodney Michel, b. 1943

One Session: 39 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Childhood and Youth in Nebraska
  • Education: Nebraska Wesleyan University, University of Nebraska, Western Theological Seminary
  • Ministries in Nebraska, North Dakota (1982-1987), New York (1987-1996)
  • Service is bishop suffragan of the Diocese of Long Island (1997-2007)
  • Service on the National Episcopal Aids Commission
  • Post retirement service in the Diocese of Georgia and the Diocese of Central Pennsylvania
  • Assisting bishop in the Diocese of Pennsylvania (2009-)

Special Topics

  • Sudden death of wife
  • Move to Philadelphia from Ephrata
  • Work with the diocesan staff and standing committee
  • Views about the ordination of women and the role of gays in the Episcopal Church
  • Coming out as bisexual at age 68
  • Move to Cathedral Village

Notable persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes: St. David’s, Lincoln, Nebraska, Cathedral of the Incarnation, Garden City, NY

Persons: Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Sr., Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., Rt. Rev. Michael Creighton, Rt. Rev. Clifton Daniel, Rev. Christopher Epting, Rt. Rev. Mary Glasspool, Most Rev. Frank Griswold, Rt. Rev. Barbara Harris, Rt. Rev. Harold Hopkins, Rt. Rev. Edward Lee, Rt. Rev. Henry Louttit, Rev. Glenn Matis, Rt. Rev. John Raab, Rt. Rev. Russell Rauscher, Mr. Joseph Suprenak, Rt. Rev. Eugene Sutton, Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner, Rev. Robert Wilshire

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of Interview: February 4, 2014

 

The Reverend John Midwood, b. 1946

One Session: 52 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

Family and Education

  • Decision to enter the ministry after graduating from Temple University
  • Work at Episcopal Academy (1975-1978)
  • Work at Christ Church, Philadelphia (1978-1984) and St. John’s, Philadelphia (1984-1989)
  • Work as archdeacon of the Diocese of Pennsylvania (1989-2000)
  • Work as assistant director and director of Episcopal Community Services (2000-2013)
  • Decision to retire

Special Topics

  • Diocesan Commission for Mission and Ministry
  • Rethinking diocesan policy on aided congregations
  • Rethinking the mission of ECS

Notable persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes: Christ Church, Philadelphia, St. John’s Philadelphia

Persons: The Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, The Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby, The Rt. Rev. Allen Bartlett, Jr., The Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., The Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner, The Rev. David Gracie, The Rev. Donald Graff, The Rev. James Trimble, The Rev. Ernest Harding, The Rev. Roger Pickering, The Rev. Suzanne Hiatt, The Rev. Mary Laney, The Rev. Julius Jackson, Tony Compallo

Interviewer: William Cutler
Date of Interview: February 26, 2014

 

The Reverend Isaac Miller, b. 1943

One Session: 56 pages

Contents

Personal and Professional

  • Family History: parents, grandparents and great grandparents
  • Family Education and Work History
  • Homes and Moves: New Orleans, Atlanta, Ft. Valley, GA
  • Education: Segregated schooling in Ft. Valley, Morehouse College, Episcopal Theological School
  • Decision whether or not to be ordained
  • Teaching in Beirut, Lebanon (1966-1967)
  • Secular Work in New Haven CT: Yale Summer High School, Yale School of Architecture and Urban Design
  • Church Work in New Haven: Assistant to the rector, St. Paul’s
  • Church Work in the Diocese of Atlanta: chaplain, Atlanta University, assistant rector, St. Timothy’s, Decatur, GA
  • Move to Philadelphia: Work at the African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas
  • Appointment as rector of The Church of the Advocate

Special Topics

  • Small Town Life in rural GA
  • Civil Rights Movement: Role of Episcopal chaplaincy
  • Union of Black Episcopalians
  • Affirmative Action at Yale School of Architecture and Urban Design
  • Philadelphia as Home
  • Work to preserve the Advocate’s Physical Plant
  • Diocesan Coalition on Mission and Ministry
  • Philadelphia Innovative Action
  • Arts Sanctuary Program at The Advocate
  • Grans as Parents Program
  • Philadelphia Interfaith Alliance
  • Neighborhood Transformation Initiative
  • Philadelphia Reinvestment Fund
  • Nehemiah Project
  • Work with Mayor Edward Rendell
  • Black Self-help
  • Relationship with the Rt. Reverend Charles Bennison, Jr.
  • Galilee Group

Notable persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes: St, Phillips, Harlem; St Timothy’s, Decatur, GA; African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas (Overbrook, PA); The Church of the Advocate (Philadelphia, PA)

Persons: Rev. Jesse Anderson, Jr., Rt. Rev. Allen Bartlett, Jr., Emma Lou Benignus, Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., Eileen Brown, Lorraine Cary, Rt. Rev. Curtis Claiborne, Rev. John Coburn, David Collins, Rev. Robert Du Bose, Dean Harvey Guthrie (ETS), Hamilton Holmes, Rev. John Horner, Charlene Hunter, Charles Lawrence, Reverend Mary Laney, Rev. John Midwood, James Isaac Miller (father), Cecil B. Moore, Vernon Moore, Reinhold Niebuhr, Professor George Patterson (ETS), Rep. Jonathan Perzel, the Honorable Edward Rendell, Rev. Rudy Robinson, Edward Rodman, the Honorable Thomas Ridge, Rev. Warren Scott, Rt. Rev. Bennett Sims, Rev. Ann Rob Smith, the Honorable Curtis Thomas, Howard Thurman, Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner, Rev. Paul Washington, Professor Howard Zinn

 

Interviewer; William W. Cutler

Date of Interview: January 15, 2015

 

The Venerable Dr. Pamela McAbee Nesbit, b. 1947

One Session: 53 pages (redacted), 55 pages (total)

Contents

Personal and Professional Life

  • Childhood and family life in southern California
  • Mother’s influence
  • College education: Lake Erie College and UC Berkeley (class of 1968)
  • Graduate School: Temple University – PhD in Clinical Psychology (1976)
  • Jobs in academe: Virginia Tech & Muhlenberg College
  • Private practice in Doylestown, PA
  • Discernment and training for the diaconate (1993-1996)

Special Topics

  • Affirmative Action
  • Relationship between psychology and theology
  • Marriages
  • Crises and self-discovery
  • Women’s support groups among the clergy and deacons
  • Commission on Ministry (Diocese of Pennsylvania)
  • Association for Episcopal Deacons (president, 2011-2013), formerly the North American Association for the Diaconate
  • History of the diaconate
  • Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr.’s new program for the training of deacons
  • Rev. Bennison Jr.’s inhibition, reinstatement, and resignation
  • Diocesan Transition Team

Notable persons mentioned

  • Ronald Baenninger (second husband), the Rt. Rev. Allen Bartlett, Ruth Benedict, the Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., the Reverend Liz Colton, the Rev. Payton Craighill, the Rev. Charles Hamby, Ted Hallenbeck, the Rev. Barbara Kelley, The Rev. Ledlie Laughlin, C. S. Lewis, the Rt. Rev. Rodney Michel, Cliff Nesbit (third husband), David Pendleton Oakerhater, Ormonde Plater, the Venerable Robert Ritchie, Dorothy Sayers, Hal Taussig, Barbara Lewis Venutolo, the Rev. Wood (Trinity Solebury)

Interviewer: William Cutler
Date of Interview: August 15, 2014

 

Charles and “Pooh” Ritchie, b.

One Session: 19 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Charles and Pooh’s friendship with the DeWitt family: wife (Bobbie) and children (Larry, Becky, & John)
  • Charles: treasurer of the Diocese of Pennsylvania and administrative assistant to Bishop DeWitt

Special Topics

  • DeWitt’s career in suburban Detroit
  • DeWitt family’s move to Philadelphia (Chestnut Hill) and relocation to Ambler
  • Race relations, racism in Philadelphia
  • Threats against Bp. DeWitt, police protection
  • Girard College: integration
  • Chester City riots

Notable persons mentioned:

  • Bobbie DeWitt, The Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, Paul Kaiser (CEO of Tastybaking Co.), John Kaiser, Mike Ritchie, The Hon. William Scranton, The Rev. Paul Washington

Interviewer: Ann Greene
Date of interview: July 2013

 

The Reverend Christine E. Ritter, b. 1941

One Session: 46 pages (redacted); 47 pages (total)

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Parents’ religious and church life
  • School, college and graduate education
  • Relationship with God as teenager and young adult
  • Marriage, children, divorce
  • Switching from the Roman Catholic to the Episcopal church
  • Work history as a lay person
  • Feeling her calling to the priesthood
  • Work history as a priest

Special Topics

  • Phoenix House (group home for girls)
  • Rector at Church of Saviour, Jenkintown (1999-2003)
  • Bishop Bennison Jr.’s episcopate
  • Race relations in predominantly black parishes

Notable persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes: St Andrews (Yardley), Church of Our Saviour (Jenkintown), Bryn Mawr Presbyterian, Trinity Church, Princeton NJ, St. Peter’s in the Great Valley, Grace Church, Pemberton, NJ, St. Paul’s Chestnut Hill, Trinity Solebury, and St. Mary’s Bainbridge

Persons: The Right Rev. Mellick Belshaw, The Right Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., The Rev. James Croker, The Right Rev. Joseph Dos, The Rev. Frank Heron, The Rev. Beth Hixon, Mr. Chandler Joyner, The Rev. Jill Mathis, The Very Rev. Glenn Matis, The Right Rev. Rodney Michel, Ms. Judith O’Neill, The Venerable Dr. Pamela Nesbit, Monsignor Theodore Opdenaker, Canon Rob Rogers, Baird Ritter, Pam Rosen, The Rev. Jean Smith, The Rev. Leslie Smith, The Rev. Janet Tarbox, The Rev. Robert Tate, The Rev. William Stimson,

Interviewer: William Cutler
Date of Interview: December 1, 2014

 

The Rev. Ann Robb Smith, b. 1928

One Session: 34 pages (redacted), 34 pages (total)

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Childhood and Family
  • Education
  • Volunteer (lay) Work in the Diocese of Pennsylvania
  • Decision to study for the priesthood
  • Training for the priesthood
  • Ministry at the Church of the Advocate in the 1990s
  • Retirement and move to Maine

Special Topics

  • Shipley School
  • Death of the Rt. Rev. Gillespie Armstrong (1964)
  • Presidency of the Episcopal Church Women of the Diocese of Pennsylvania
  • Planning for “irregular” ceremony to ordain women into the priesthood (July 29, 1974)
  • Church of the Advocate
  • Advocate Community Development Corporation
  • Poverty and race relations in North Philadelphia
  • Relationship with The Rev. Paul Washington

Notable persons and parishes mentioned:

Parishes: Church of the Redeemer, Bryn Mawr, Church of the Advocate
Persons Walter Durham, The Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, The Rev. David Gracie, The Rt. Rev. Barbara Harris, The Rev. Edward G. Harris, The Rev. Carter Heyward, The Rev. Suzanne Hiatt, Meriel Jackson, The Rev. Ike Miller, The Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby, The Rev. Timothy Pickering, Dr. Kaighn Smith (husband), Christine Washington (Mrs. Paul), The Rev. Paul Washington, Alegra Woodworth

Interviewer: William Cutler
Date of Interview: July 5, 2014

 

The Rev. Daniel B. Stevick, b. 1927

Two Sessions
Session one: 46 pages
Session two: 30 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Parents, family life, and education: Reformed Episcopal Seminary, Temple University School of Theology
  • Ordination (1953) and early career in Diocese of Pennsylvania: Grace Church Hulmeville and All Saints Fallsington (1953-1959)
  • Career at Philadelphia Divinity School (1959-1974 and Episcopal Divinity School (1974-1990)
  • Return to Philadelphia (1991) and move to Cathedral Village (2002)
  • Professional writings
  • Professional library
  • Professional travel: sabbaticals and research
  • Death of Laurel Stevick (wife)

Special Topics

  • Civil rights: desegregation of Levittown, Pa. (1957-1958), Citizens Committee of Levittown, Levittown Betterment Association, Diocesan Christian Social Relations Department
  • Theological education: Episcopal Consortium for Theological Education
  • Merger of Philadelphia Divinity School and Episcopal Theological Seminary (1968-1974): curriculum at the Episcopal Divinity School
  • Revision of the Prayer Book: Standing Liturgical Commission, subcommittee on Christian Initiation (baptism)
  • Ordination of gay priests
  • Liturgical practice in the Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania

Notable persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes:   Grace Church, Hulmeville, All Saints, Fallsington

Persons: The Rt. Rev. Allen Bartlett, Jr., The Rev. Emma Lou Benignus, The Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., Dr. Kenneth Clark, Spencer Ervin, Esq., Dean Harvey Guthrie, The Rev. Edward G. Harris, The Rt. Rev. Oliver Hart, Professor Edwin Lewis, Dr. Margaret Mead, Professor Leonard Mitchell, William & Daisy Myers, Professor Edward Norris, The Rt. Rev. Leonard Riches, The Rt. Rev. Walter Righter, The Rev. Bessie Smith, The Rev. William Spofford, The Rt. Rev. Jack Spong, Harlie Stevick (father), Laurel Stevick (wife), Professor Thomas Talley, The Rev. Neil Tarplee, The Rev. Paul Washington

Interviewer: William Cutler
Dates of first interview: July 18, 2013
Date of second interview: August 20, 2013

The Rev. James A. Trimble, b. 1932

Two Sessions
Session one: 42 pages
Session two: 13 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Education
  • Military service
  • Ordination and early career
  • Chaplaincy at Episcopal Academy, 1963-1978
  • Christ Church, rector, 1978-1998
  • Work in various parishes since retirement
  • Candidacies for bishop in the dioceses of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Los Angeles

Special Topics

  • Religious education at Episcopal Academy
  • Creating an archives at Christ Church
  • Working with historical societies in Old City
  • Windows at Christ Church
  • Ordination of women
  • Gays in the Episcopal Church
  • Designation of the Church of the Saviour as the cathedral of the Diocese of Pennsylvania
  • Search for, election, and leadership of Bp. Charles Bennison, Jr.

Notable persons and parishes mentioned:

Parishes: Christ Church, Philadelphia

Persons: David Auten, The Rt. Rev Allen Bartlett, The Rt., Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., Jim Bodine, Jean Bodine, The Most Rev. Edmund Browning, The Rt. Rev. Clifton Daniel, The Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, Charles E. Eder, The Rev. Ernest Harding, The Rt. Rev. Oliver Hart, The Rev. Gardner Hotter, Charles Latham, The Rev. John Midwood, Albert T. Mollegean, The Rt. Rev. J. Brooke Mosley, The Rev. Miriam Acevedo-Naters, The Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby, Alfred Putnam, Esq., Jim Quinn, The Rt. Rev. Walter Righter, The Rev. Timothy Safford, The Rev. Peter Sipple, The Rev. Jim Taylor

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of first interview: May 6, 2014
Date of second interview: June 11, 2014

 

Ms. Helen S. White, b. 1931

One Session: 70 pages

Contents:

Personal Professional Life

  • Childhood and Family
  • Education
  • Marriage to George White (1956)
  • Work in the Cheltenham School District and at Chestnut Hill Academy
  • Becoming an Episcopalian
  • Doctoral training at Temple University
  • Director of the Diocesan Resource Center (1984-1997)
  • Diocesan Ministry Resource Center
  • 1997 General Convention of the Episcopal Church (Philadelphia)
  • Attendance at the investiture of Rt. Rev. Frank T. Griswold
  • Special Topics
  • Lay attitudes about Bp. Robert DeWitt
  • Racism in the Diocese of Pennsylvania (1960s)
  • Racism in suburban congregations
  • Women’s role in the Episcopal Church and the Diocese of Pennsylvania (1950s to 1970s)
  • Ordination of Women
  • Leadership styles of Bishops DeWitt, Ogilby, Bartlett, and Bennison, Jr.
  • Task Force on Reconciliation
  • Diocesan Resource Center for Christian Education
  • EFM in the Diocese of Pennsylvania
  • General Convention of the Episcopal Church (1997) in Philadelphia
  • Election of Frank T. Griswold as Presiding Bishop at Christ Church (1997)

Notable Persons and Parishes Mentioned

Parishes: St. Jude and the Nativity, St. Thomas, Whitemarsh, Church of the Saviour

People: The Rt. Rev. Gillespie Armstrong, the Rt. Rev. Allen L. Bartlett, Mr. Martin Bell, the Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., Dr. William Cutler, the Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, the Rev. Dr. ? Eckel, Ms. Ruth Feisal, Ms. Joan Frank, Ms. Ginger Goodrich, Ms. Phoebe Wetzel Griswold, Mr. Norman Harberger, Mr. Marty Harbison, the Rev. Jack Hardwick (rector, Church of the Saviour), the Rt. Rev. Oliver Hart, the Rev. Richard (Dick) Hawkins, the Rev. Susan Hiatt, Tosca Berger Kramer, the Rev. ? Lander, the Rev. James MacColl, Professor John Mickelson, Ms. Mary Morison, the Rt. Rev. Lyman Obilby, the Rev. James Partington, Mr. Barnaby Roberts (headmaster, Chestnut Hill Academy), the Rev. Jeff Ross, Ms. Margaret Sipple, Mr. Robert Schneider, Ms. Peggy Schneider, Mr. Peter Stevens (assistant to Bp. DeWitt), David Stone, the Rev. Robyn Szoke, the Rev. James Trimble, the Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner, Mr. Carroll Wetzel, Mr. George White, Ms Margaret Ann Young, the Rev. Merak Zabriskie

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of Interview: October 6, 2014

 

Ms. Nokomis B. Wood, born 1944

One Session: 43 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Childhood and Youth in New Orleans, LA
  • Relocation to Philadelphia in the mid-1960s
  • Marriage, 1969
  • Work history. Caseworker: Episcopal Community Services, Wharton Center (22nd and Columbia Ave.), Girls Scouts; teacher: Miquon School, Episcopal Academy, and Germantown Friends School.
  • Worship at St. Mary’s (West Philadelphia) and St. Martin-in-the-Fields (Chestnut Hill)

Special Topics

  • Aided Congregations
  • Election of Bishop Charles Bennison, Jr.
  • Episcopacy of Bp. Bennison, Jr.
  • Gender in the Diocese of Pennsylvania: ordination of women
  • Sexual orientation in the Diocese of Pennsylvania
  • Race in the Diocese of Pennsylvania; merger of St. Barnabas and St. Luke’s Germantown
  • Diocesan and national church service: General Convention deputy (1994-2006); Metropolitan Council (under Bp. Ogilby); Standing Committee (under Bp. Bartlett)

Notable persons and parishes mentioned:

Parishes: Church of the Advocate

Persons: The Rt. Rev. J Gillespie Armstrong, The Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., Ms. Katrina Browne, The Rt. Rev. Robert DeWitt, The Rt. Rev. Barbara Harris, The Rev. Suzanne Hiatt, The Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby, The Rev. John Scott, The Rt. Rev. Franklin Turner

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of Interview: February 19, 2014

 

The Rev. William H. Wood, III, b. 1940

One Session: 40 pages

Contents:

Personal and Professional Life

  • Education: Episcopal High School, University of Virginia, Virginia Theological Seminary (ordained 1970)
  • Religious education at home and in church
  • Military service
  • Courtship and marriage
  • Parish work: St. David’s, Radnor (1970-1976), Trinity Solebury (1976-1989), St. Christopher’s, Gladwyne (1989-2010)
  • Service to the Diocese of Pennsylvania

Special Topics

  • Bishop’s search committees, Diocese of Pennsylvania (1985 and 1998)
  • Relationship with Charles Bennison, Jr., personal and professional
  • Leadership of the Standing Committee
  • Leadership at St. Christopher’s, Gladwyne

Notable persons and parishes mentioned

Parishes: St. Paul’s, Charlottesville, Va.; St. John’s, Roanoke, Va.; St. David’s, Radnor, Pa.; Trinity, Solebury, Pa.; St. Christopher’s, Gladwyne, Pa.; Sat. Thomas, Whitemarsh, Pa.

Persons: Rev. Frank Allen, The Rt. Rev. Allen Bartlett, Jr., Mr. David Beers, The Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Sr., The Rt. Rev. Charles Bennison, Jr., The Rev. Nils Blatz, The Rev. Clifford Cutler, The Rt. Rev. Clifton Daniel, The Rev. Theodore (Ted) Evans, Ms. Ginger Goodrich, Mr. John Harrison, Esq., Mr. Ted Hawkins, The Rev. Richard Hess, Mr. Chandler Joyner, The Rev. Mary Laney, The Rt. Rev. Edward Lee, The Rt. Rev. William H. Marmion, The Rev. Glenn Matis, The Rt. Rev. Rodney Michel, The Rev. John Midwood, Mr. Cliff Nesbit, The Rt. Rev. Lyman Ogilby, The Rev. Hillary Raining, Mr. Louis Temme, The Rev. James A. Trimble, Kristine Carlson Wood

Interviewer: Clark Groome
Date of Interview: February 11, 2015

 

 

 

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